We are working to ensure Nature-Based Solutions are included in climate action. But what are Nature-Based Solutions? What are Natural Climate Solutions? Why are they important?
According to the IUCN, “Nature-Based Solutions are actions to protect, sustainably manage, and restore natural or modified ecosystems that address societal challenges effectively and adaptively, simultaneously providing benefits to human well-being and biodiversity. Nature-based solutions, such as the restoration of forests, grasslands and wetlands or sustainable land management activities, can provide governments with effective, long-term and cost-efficient measures to mitigate and adapt to climate change.”
While Nature-Based Solutions encompass ways in which nature can be a solution for many societal problems, including climate change, Natural Climate Solutions specifically focus on addressing climate change mitigation through ecosystem conservation, restoration, and management.
The ground-breaking study led by The Nature Conservancy found that Natural Climate Solutions have the potential to provide 37% of cost-effective CO2 mitigation needed through 2030 for greater than a two-thirds chance of keeping warming below 2 degrees Celsius. The majority of these solutions can also offer a suite of additional benefits that will aid in climate adaptation, including flood buffering, improving soil health and ecosystem biodiversity, and enhancing climate resilience. However, the role that nature can play in climate action is not often recognized in discussion or in funding.